[Paper]Highly-conformal nanocrystalline molybdenum nitride thin films by atomic layer deposition as a diffusion barrier against Cu


Yujin Jang, Jun Beom Kim, Tae Eun Hong, So Jeong Yeo, Sunju Lee, Eun Ae Jung, Bo Keun Park, Taek-Mo Chung, Chang Gyoun Kim, Do-Joong Lee, Han-Bo-Ram Lee, Soo-Hyun Kim

Journal of Alloys and Compounds




Molybdenum nitride (Mo2N) thin films were grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using a sequential supply of a newly synthesized Mo metalorgranic precursor, Mo(NtBu)2(StBu)2, and H2 plasma at a substrate temperature of 300 °C. A newly proposed ALD system exhibited typical ALD characteristics, such as a self-limited film growth and a linear dependency of the film thickness on the number of ALD cycles, and showed a growth rate of 0.028 nm/cycle on a thermally grown SiO2 substrate. Such the ideal ALD growth characteristics enabled excellent step coverage of ∼80% for the ALD-grown Mo2N film onto nano-trenches with a width of 25 nm and an aspect ratio ∼4.5. The optimized film had a resistivity as low as ∼350 μΩ-cm. X-ray diffraction, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses confirmed that formation of N-rich cubic Mo2N (N/Mo = ∼0.7) phase with carbon and sulfur impurities of 2.6 and 7.4 at.%, respectively. Plan-view transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the film formed a nanocrystalline microstructure with 5–8-nm-sized grains embedded in an amorphous matrix. An ultrathin (only ∼4 nm-thick) ALD-grown Mo2N film effectively prevented diffusion of Cu into Si after annealing at a temperature even up to 650 °C.