[Paper]Self-Limiting Layer Synthesis of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides


Youngjun Kim, Jeong-Gyu Song, Yong Ju Park, Gyeong Hee Ryu, Su Jeong Lee, Jin Sung Kim, Pyo Jin Jeon, Chang Wan Lee, Whang Je Woo, Taejin Choi, Hanearl Jung, Han-Bo-Ram Lee, Jae-Min Myoung, Seongil Im, Zonghoon Lee, Jong-Hyun Ahn, Jusang Park & Hyungjun Kim

Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 18754 (2016)



This work reports the self-limiting synthesis of an atomically thin, two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDCs) in the form of MoS2. The layer controllability and large area uniformity essential for electronic and optical device applications is achieved through atomic layer deposition in what is named self-limiting layer synthesis (SLS); a process in which the number of layers is determined by temperature rather than process cycles due to the chemically inactive nature of 2D MoS2. Through spectroscopic and microscopic investigation it is demonstrated that SLS is capable of producing MoS2 with a wafer-scale (~10 cm) layer-number uniformity of more than 90%, which when used as the active layer in a top-gated field-effect transistor, produces an on/off ratio as high as 108. This process is also shown to be applicable to WSe2, with a PN diode fabricated from a MoS2/WSe2 heterostructure exhibiting gate-tunable rectifying characteristics.